BLACK HISTORY MONTH PROFILE: Euphemia Lofton Haynes

Dr. Euphemia Lofton Haynes was the first African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics. “Martha Euphemia Lofton was born in Washington, D.C. in 1890, the first child and only daughter of Dr. Willian Lofton and Mrs. Lavinia Day Lofton. Her father, Dr. William S. Lofton was a renown African-American dentist and financier in …

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The “Indian Experiment” at Hampton Institute

Did you know that from 1878 to 1923, Native American students were brought to Hampton Institute from Northern Plains tribes to be “re-educated?” The first group to come were prisoners of western Indians wars who were being held in St Augustine, FL. More non-captive students came as time passed. Black and Indian students took classes …

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BLACK HISTORY MONTH PROFILE: Timothy Thomas Fortune

Timothy Thomas Fortune was born a slave in Marianna, Florida, to Sarah Jane and Emanuel Fortune on October 3, 1856. He attended Howard University from 1876 to 1877. He was trained as a printer and traveled to New York where he was hired by “The New York Sun” in 1878 and later promoted to the …

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The Cherokees Free Their Slaves

The status of the slaves of the Cherokee Nation has been in dispute for a long time. Following on the heels of the Emancipation Proclamation, in February 1863 the Cherokee Nation declared that all slaves within its limits were “forever free.” In 1983, the descendants of these slaves, known as the Cherokee Freedmen, were removed …

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Guide to African American Resources in Florida Available Online

“The Black Experience” in an online guide to resources that are available for the study of African American history in the State Archives of Florida. It is an update of the material presented in the 1988 (revised 2002) publication, “The Black Experience: A Guide to African American Resources in the State Library and Archives of …

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BLACK HISTORY MONTH PROFILE: Septima Poinsette Clark

Septima Poinsette Clark (1898-1987), an educator and civil and human rights activist, is often referred to as the “Grandmother of the Civil Rights Movement.” One of her greatest contributions to the movement was the development of citizenship schools throughout the South. From 1962 to 1964 she trained more than 10,000 teachers for the schools and …

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BLACK HISTORY MONTH PROFILE: Frances Ellen Watkins Harper

Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (September 24, 1825 – February 22, 1911) was an African-American abolitionist, poet and author. Born free in Baltimore, Maryland, she had a long and prolific career, publishing her first book of poetry at age 20 and her first novel, the widely praised “Iola Leroy,” at age 67. “Born in Baltimore, poet, …

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